Can You Sue for Unauthorized Child Tax Credit Claims?

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The child tax credit is a tax benefit provided by the government to help parents and guardians support their children financially. While it can provide much-needed relief, cases of unauthorized claims can arise, leading to disputes over who is entitled to claim these benefits.

Can You Sue for Unauthorized Child Tax Credit Claims?

Understanding Child Tax Credit

Before delving into any legal issues regarding unauthorized child tax credit claims, it’s important to understand what this benefit entails. Here are some key points:

  • The credit amount varies depending on the child’s age and circumstances
  • It may only be claimed by taxpayers who have dependent children under 18 years.
  • Eligible taxpayers can receive up to $2,000 per qualifying child
  • The IRS rules define which parent or guardian may make the claim in situations involving shared custody arrangements.

With this in mind, let’s discuss whether one has grounds for suing over unauthorized claims.

Unauthorized Claims: A Legal Perspective

Unauthorized taxpayer claims for a child tax credit result in reduced funds available for other deserving families. Some cases involve false information while others involve conflicting interpretations of events surrounding joint custody scenarios — as mentioned above. If an individual believes that he/she has been wrongfully deprived of his/her right(s) based on such fraud or error by someone filing an improper return-there could be potential legal options like arbitration or litigation if warranted with evidence backing them up.

While there are no known legal precedents where individuals have successfully sued those making unauthorized claims on their dependents’ tax credits held due to contestable errors or fraudulent activities—there are certainly potential avenues through which they could do so.

What Can Be Done?

If you believe that your rightful entitlements were compromised due to someone else’s erroneous behavior — then you should look at taking action; here’s what you can do:

  1. File a Complaint with the IRS: Begin with reporting suspicious activity related to your taxes via Form 3949-A; the IRS aims to protect public money as well as tax funds against fraudsters.
  2. Filing a Lawsuit: You can sue individuals who have made unauthorized claims in small claims court if the amount you’re seeking is under $10,000 or escalate with a lawyer and go through full civil litigation proceedings worth over that amount.

While neither process may guarantee success, they represent opportunities for holding those responsible accountable for their actions.


Unauthorized child tax credit claims can be a source of frustration and financial loss for eligible parents and guardians. However, while there are no guarantees about winning such cases either by suing or not—reporting suspicious activities to relevant authorities like IRS could help deter these fraudulent practices from taking root more firmly in future years.


Here are three popular FAQs with answers about suing for unauthorized child tax credit claims:

Q1: Can I sue someone who claimed my children on their taxes to obtain a child tax credit without my permission?
A: Yes, you may be able to file a civil lawsuit against the individual who falsely claimed your children as dependents. This is considered tax fraud and can have serious consequences.

Q2: What damages can I recover if I sue someone who fraudulently obtained child tax credits by claiming my kids?
A: If you are successful in your lawsuit, you may be entitled to recoup any financial losses that resulted from the fraudulent claim, such as loss of benefits or out-of-pocket expenses. Additionally, punitive damages may also be awarded by the court.

Q3: How do I prove that someone wrongfully claimed my children on their taxes?
A: You will need to provide evidence of custody or residency, including documentation such as school records or medical records. You should also gather evidence showing that you provided more than half of the financial support for your dependent(s). The IRS will investigate and make a determination based on the submitted evidence before taking legal action against anyone claiming unauthorized child tax credits.