Best Tax Deductions to Know in 2024

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Written By kevin

A financial strategist with a knack for demystifying taxes and insurance, Kevin distills complex concepts into actionable advice.

As we approach the 2024 tax season, it’s crucial for individuals and businesses to stay informed about the various tax deductions and credits available to them. By strategically utilizing these tax breaks, taxpayers can significantly reduce their taxable income and ultimately lower their tax liability. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the best tax deductions to know in 2024, providing you with the knowledge and tools to make informed decisions and maximize your tax savings.

Understanding Tax Deductions and Credits

Before diving into the specific deductions and credits, it’s essential to understand the difference between the two. Tax deductions reduce your taxable income, which in turn lowers your overall tax liability. On the other hand, tax credits directly reduce your tax bill dollar-for-dollar. While both can result in significant savings, credits are generally more valuable as they provide a direct reduction in taxes owed.

Top Tax Deductions and Credits for 2024

1. Child Tax Credit (CTC)

The Child Tax Credit (CTC) is a valuable tax break for families with children under the age of 17. For the 2024 tax year, eligible families can claim up to $2,000 per qualifying child, with $1,600 of the credit being potentially refundable. To qualify, taxpayers must meet certain income requirements, which vary based on filing status.

2. Standard Deduction vs. Itemized Deductions

When filing taxes, taxpayers have the option to either take the standard deduction or itemize their deductions. The standard deduction has increased significantly in recent years, making it the more advantageous choice for many taxpayers. For the 2024 tax year, the standard deduction amounts are as follows:

  • Single filers: $14,600
  • Married filing jointly: $29,200
  • Head of household: $21,900

However, itemizing deductions may still be beneficial for some taxpayers, particularly those with significant expenses in categories such as mortgage interest, state and local taxes, and charitable donations.

3. Medical Expenses Deduction

Taxpayers can deduct qualified, unreimbursed medical expenses that exceed 7.5% of their adjusted gross income (AGI). This includes a wide range of expenses, such as doctor visits, prescription medications, and medical equipment. By carefully tracking and documenting these expenses, taxpayers may be able to claim a substantial deduction.

4. State and Local Taxes (SALT) Deduction

The State and Local Taxes (SALT) deduction allows taxpayers to deduct up to $10,000 ($5,000 if married filing separately) for a combination of property taxes and either state income taxes or sales taxes. While the deduction is capped, it can still provide significant savings for those living in high-tax states.

5. Mortgage Interest Deduction

Homeowners can deduct the interest paid on their mortgage, reducing their federal income tax liability. The deduction is limited to interest on the first $750,000 of mortgage debt ($375,000 if married filing separately) for loans originated after December 15, 2017. For loans taken out before this date, the limit is $1 million ($500,000 if married filing separately).

6. Gambling Loss Deduction

For taxpayers who enjoy gambling, it’s important to note that gambling losses can be deducted up to the amount of gambling winnings. This means that if you have $5,000 in gambling winnings and $4,000 in gambling losses, you can deduct the $4,000 in losses, effectively reducing your taxable gambling income to $1,000.

7. IRA and 401(k) Contributions Deduction

Contributions to traditional Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) and 401(k) plans can be deducted from your taxable income, subject to certain income limits and other factors. For the 2024 tax year, taxpayers can contribute up to $6,500 to a traditional IRA ($7,500 if age 50 or older) and up to $22,500 to a 401(k) ($30,000 if age 50 or older).

8. Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a refundable credit designed to support low to moderate-income workers. The credit amount varies based on income, marital status, and number of children, with the maximum credit for the 2024 tax year ranging from $600 to $7,430.

9. Student Loan Interest Deduction

Taxpayers can deduct up to $2,500 in student loan interest paid by themselves, their spouse, or their dependents. This deduction is claimed as an adjustment to income, meaning it can be taken even if you don’t itemize deductions.

10. Charitable Donation Deduction

Itemizers can deduct the value of charitable gifts, whether in cash or property, up to 60% of their adjusted gross income. It’s crucial to keep accurate records of all donations, including receipts and acknowledgments from the charitable organizations.

Additional Tax Deductions and Credits

In addition to the top deductions and credits mentioned above, there are several other valuable tax breaks to consider:

11. Saver’s Credit

The Saver’s Credit is a non-refundable credit for low to moderate-income individuals who contribute to a qualifying retirement account, such as an IRA or 401(k). The credit can be worth up to $1,000 for single filers and $2,000 for married couples filing jointly.

12. Solar Tax Credit

Taxpayers who install solar energy systems, including solar water heaters and solar panels, can claim a credit of up to 30% of the installation cost. This credit, known as the “residential clean energy credit,” can significantly offset the upfront expenses associated with transitioning to solar power.

13. Home Office Deduction

Self-employed individuals and those who work from home can deduct expenses related to the portion of their home used exclusively for business purposes. This includes a percentage of mortgage interest, property taxes, utilities, and maintenance costs.

14. Reinvested Dividends

Taxpayers who reinvest dividends from stocks or mutual funds can increase their tax basis, potentially reducing their capital gains tax liability when the investments are sold. By carefully tracking reinvested dividends, investors can minimize their tax burden over the long term.

15. Out-of-Pocket Charitable Contributions

In addition to deducting the value of charitable donations, taxpayers can also deduct out-of-pocket expenses incurred while volunteering for a qualified organization. This includes costs such as transportation, uniforms, and supplies necessary for the volunteer work.


As we’ve seen, there are numerous tax deductions and credits available to taxpayers in 2024. By familiarizing yourself with these tax breaks and strategically incorporating them into your financial planning, you can significantly reduce your tax liability and keep more of your hard-earned money. However, it’s essential to remember that tax laws can be complex and subject to change. Always consult with a qualified tax professional to ensure you’re making the most of the deductions and credits available to you and to avoid any potential pitfalls.

In conclusion, staying informed about the best tax deductions to know in 2024 is a critical component of effective tax planning. By understanding and utilizing these valuable tax breaks, you can minimize your tax burden, maximize your savings, and achieve your financial goals more efficiently. As you prepare for the upcoming tax season, keep these deductions and credits in mind, and don’t hesitate to seek professional advice to ensure you’re making the most of every opportunity to reduce your taxes.

Categories Tax