Your Guide to Claiming Medical Expenses on Taxes

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As tax season approaches, many taxpayers may be wondering if they can claim medical expenses as a deduction. The answer is yes, but there are specific requirements and rules that must be followed. This guide will provide an overview of what medical expenses are deductible, who can claim them, and how to do so correctly.

What Medical Expenses Are Deductible?

According to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), you can deduct qualified medical and dental expenses that were not reimbursed by insurance or any other source. These include:

  • Doctor and dentist fees
  • Hospital bills
  • Prescription medications
  • Diagnostic tests
  • Health insurance premiums paid out-of-pocket

However, some expenses are not deductible such as cosmetic procedures that aren’t medically necessary.

Who Can Claim Medical Expense Deductions?

To claim medical expense deductions on your taxes you must meet certain criteria. You can only do so if you itemize your deductions rather than taking the standard deduction; therefore it’s important to ensure enough qualifying deductions before deciding whether to itemize.

You also must have had sufficient total medical costs for the year in question. In 2020 tax returns filing season, the threshold amount was set at 7.5% of your adjusted gross income(AGI). However this value could potentially change every year as determined by IRS regulations

Another essential criterion is keeping good recordkeeping with proper documentation for qualification purposes; these should remain accessible readily.

How to Correctly Claim Medical Expense Deductions?

When preparing your federal income tax return:
1) Add up all eligible unreimbursed health-care costs from year’s worth of receipts.
2) Register those type(s) of expense(s) in Schedule A ointment “Itemized Deductions”
3) Then cross-check If Total Itemized Deductions exceeds Standard Deduction then file Form 1040 with Schedule A attached thereafter submit to IRS.


Claiming medical expenses as a tax deduction can be beneficial for taxpayers, but it is important to understand the rules and requirements set forth by the IRS. Keep good documentation of all qualifying expenses, make sure you itemize your deductions accurately, and find out what changes in the tax law may impact how much you will get when claiming such reimbursements.


What types of medical expenses can be claimed on taxes?

Eligible medical expenses include payments made to medical practitioners or hospitals for services like dental care, prescription drugs, nursing care, vision and hearing aids, and mental health services. Specific details of eligible expenses vary by country.

Can I claim the full amount of my medical expenses on my taxes?

No, only eligible medical expenses over a certain threshold are deductible. The threshold varies between countries but is usually set at a percentage of your net income (e.g., 3% in Canada). However, if you have a disability or chronically ill dependents under your care that require significant ongoing support/medical treatment then the deductions may be higher.

How do I claim my medical expenses on my tax return?

In order to claim eligible medical costs as an itemized deduction in most countries including the US and Canada; one must file Form 1040 Schedule A – Itemized Deductions with supporting receipts and documentation for each expense included within during Tax season or while filing an Income Tax Return form.
It is recommended that you consult with a tax professional or accountant to ensure you receive all applicable credits while protecting yourself from any potential audit risks related to overstating income tax deductions.